Conversation psychotherapy by Rogers
Carl Rogers is the founder of the non-directing conversation
He was the first one who created protocols of the
therapeutic conversations. The characteristic attributefor Rogers work
is to bring up all thoughts and attitudes, moods and emotinal impulses,
“…which is about the
Concentrate problems and conflicts of the individual. … The consultant really needs to be able to release the client, to allow it, to give a reasonable expression of the basic Problems of his situation comes. “
(Carl Rogers: The Non-Directive Advice, unich 1972, Original: Counseling and Psychotherapy, Boston 1942, p.(Carl Rogers: Die nicht direktive Beratung. München 1972; Original: Counselling and Psychotherapie. Boston 1942, S. 123)
For a client seeking for help comes first in the process of therapy.
This tempts the client to move the responsibility to get solution to his
problems to the therapist or counsellor.
In a second step the therapist declares that he has no instant
solution, but he is the person to help the client to develop his own
solutions. During a successful conversation the client takes back his
responsibility. He portrays hes problems to the therapist, while the
therapist emboldens the client to express every thought and feeling.
During this pase the therapist accepts every of the clients statements
as they are while he helps the client to come to a clearer view on his
problems: through verbalising everything what the client expressed,
especially in relation to feelings. This leads in an ideal case to the
fact that a client feels himself to be very well understood. “Yes – that
is exactly what I meant.".
Because of this deep understanding a client can completely open up himself after a while. Besides his negative emtions he will be able to discover positive ones. The coach helps a client to consciously perceive these positive emotions while he accepts negative ones in exactly the same manner as mentioned above.
This step in the process-chain is followed by the stepwise development of positive impulses to come up with new experiences under the influence of these new impulses. The client will reconnect, or develop a new connection, to his own “being", learning to accept himself the way he-is and as-he-is. Together with the coach he will frame and shape what he is going to change and how.
The main role of the coach is,
the different available options to clarify and the fear and the Despondency that the individual feels to recognize. Its function is it is not to push for a certain course or advice too To give."
(Carl Rogers: Die nicht direktive Beratung. München 1972; Original: Counselling and Psychotherapie. Boston, 1942 S. 47f).
These new positive emotions are followed by actions into the newly developed directions the clients wants to have. Because the client developed these actions by himself, and because he played through all pros and cons, thought through the consequences of these actions the prospect of success of these actions is overwhelmingly good. Rogers depicts this as the most fascinating aspects of this kind of therapy. With the achieved success the individual gains new confidence into himself. He is more aware of the way he was acting before in favour of the “new way" he can act from now on.
As a result the client becomes more and more independant of the coach which finally leads to the end of the therapy.
The sketched procedure was confirmed in the systematic exploration of helpful connections between therapists and clients with focus on the non-directive counseling.
Source: Carl Rogers, The Non-Directive Counseling